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posted Oct 23, 2018, 6:21 AM by Victoria Kataev   [ updated Feb 4, 2019, 12:14 PM ]
Freytag's Plot Diagram

Exposition: Here the characters are introduced.  We also learn about the setting of the story. Most importantly, we are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).

Rising Action: Part of the story beings to develop the conflicts. A building of interest of suspense occurs.

Climax: The Turing point of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with the conflict. The main character will change in some way

Falling Action: All loose ends of the plot are tied up. The conflicts and climax are resolved.

Resolution: The story comes to a reasonable ending

Non-Fiction Summaries

First sentence: Title, author, central idea.
Key details (3-4) that support your central idea. 

Following sentences: Key details are ALWAYS paraphrased. There should be absolutely no direct quotes.

Identifying the TOPIC of a text:
Look for the following:
  • look at title
  • headings/subtitles
  • repeated words
  • bolded/italicized words

Identifying the CENTRAL IDEA

  • Take a look at the topic you came up with.
  • If the central idea is explicitly stated in the text, check the FIRST or LAST sentence. Often times, the central idea will be there.
  • Most of the time, the central idea will not be explicit and will be implicitly stated. Check word choice, headings, consider the topic, think about the BIG picture. 
  • After you have found your central idea, think about the following question: Can I support my central idea with key details?