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ELA Strategies




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posted Oct 23, 2018, 6:21 AM by Victoria Kataev   [ updated Feb 4, 2019, 12:14 PM ]

Freytag's Plot Diagram

Exposition: Here the characters are introduced.  We also learn about the setting of the story. Most importantly, we are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).

Rising Action: Part of the story beings to develop the conflicts. A building of interest of suspense occurs.

Climax: The Turing point of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with the conflict. The main character will change in some way

Falling Action: All loose ends of the plot are tied up. The conflicts and climax are resolved.

Resolution: The story comes to a reasonable ending

Non-Fiction Summaries

First sentence: Title, author, central idea.
Key details (3-4) that support your central idea. 

Following sentences: Key details are ALWAYS paraphrased. There should be absolutely no direct quotes.


Identifying the TOPIC of a text:
Look for the following:
  • look at title
  • headings/subtitles
  • repeated words
  • bolded/italicized words

Identifying the CENTRAL IDEA

  • Take a look at the topic you came up with.
  • If the central idea is explicitly stated in the text, check the FIRST or LAST sentence. Often times, the central idea will be there.
HOWEVER
  • Most of the time, the central idea will not be explicit and will be implicitly stated. Check word choice, headings, consider the topic, think about the BIG picture. 
  • After you have found your central idea, think about the following question: Can I support my central idea with key details?

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posted Oct 10, 2018, 4:55 AM by Victoria Kataev   [ updated Oct 23, 2018, 6:18 AM ]

Short Response Strategy:

R- Restate the question
A- Answer the question
C- Cite ONE piece of evidence to support answer
E- Explain evidence in relation to the answer
C- Cite SECOND piece of evidence to support answer
E- Explain evidence in relation to the answer
Summarizing Fiction Strategy

Somebody- Who is the Main character(s)
Wanted- What did they want? what was their goal?
But- What interfered with that goal? (Conflict)
So- What did they do to try and resolve that conflict?
Then- Resolution- how did the story end?

TIP: You must introduce the title and author of the text when writing a summary. If their is no author, do not include it.

 ***Your SWBST needs to be in paragraph form when handed in. 

Challenge yourself!! Use transition words!
"But" could be replaced with: However
"So" could be replaced with: Furthermore 
"Then" could be replaced with: Consequently, as a result, or therefore
Identifying Theme:

Theme: theme is the overall message of a story. (Moral or lesson being taught)

Theme should not be ONE world. Theme is ONE sentence.

Examples of themes:
-Never give up
-Do good to others and have good done to you
-Home is where the heart is

How can we find the conflict? Ask yourself the following questions:

What were the conflicts?
What were the resolutions?
How did the characters change?
What did the characters learn?
=
Theme

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